USA-based Biotech Company Alpha Diagnostic Int’l (ADI) has developed and released a 1-hour horse, pig and rat meat adulteration/contamination ELISA field test, which detects the presence of horse, pig or rat meat-specific proteins in grounded or sliced meat samples (fresh or frozen) from horse, rat, pig/pork, cow/beef, cat, dog, sheep/goat and chicken. ADI’s 1-Hour horse/pig/rat meat adulteration ELISA is primarily geared towards use by meat processing plants, bulk meat buyers, and sellers at restaurants and grocery stores, as well as by qualified laboratories and law enforcement agencies.
The aim is to perform quick and independent testing of meat samples without the hassle and cost of sending samples to an outside lab facility and waiting for results. The exploitation of meat is easier and more pronounced in the absence of a do-it-yourself test. Therefore, introducing a rapid, sensitive, and inexpensive horse, pig and rat meat field test is necessary to detect and control the meat adulteration issue around the world.
The emerging food safety concerns in 2013, including horse meat adulteration of beef in Europe, and rat meat adulteration in China, once again, is the result of limited testing availabilities by the federal agencies. These scandals have led to huge financial losses by meat suppliers due to the recall of tainted beef products and have also damaged the trust of the consumers.
The DNA tests currently in use can only be performed by very few expert laboratories, and it is time consuming and very expensive. In Europe, there are test result delays due to the collection, processing, and sending of many samples to very few testing labs. There is an urgent need to develop a simple, rapid, and inexpensive test that can be performed on-site at grocery stores, meat-packaging plants, restaurants and fast food suppliers (Taco Bell, Burger King, etc).
In comparison to the horse DNA test, the ADI 1-hour horse/pig/rat meat protein ELISA field test is far superior due to its high sensitivity (1 part per million for ELISA vs. 1 part per 10,000 For DNA), speed (1 hour vs. many hours to days), and efficacy (processes a large number of samples). In addition, the overall cost of an ELISA field test is much less than the total cost of a DNA test.